Climbing and Expedition

Mountaineering Expedition suggests an act of climbing on any highest peak over 8,000 m. of the mountain range in Nepal, Pakistan, and Tibet (China) by any well-organized team with the aim to reach the summit. It is a mountain climbing activity that requires climbing skills, special equipment, and experience. Climbing high mountains provide spectacular views of several sharply etched surrounding peaks with beautiful cliffs and pristine glaciers. Furthermore, one can also soak in local cultures and explore various species of flora and fauna. Ascending the highest peaks over 8,000 m one must require a significant amount of prior climbing experience and training. The more training and experience one involves the better chance of reaching the summit.

Mountaineering has its long history when Horace-Bénédict de Saussure climbed Mont Blanc (4,807 m) the tallest peak in Europe in 1786. After 1850 a team of British climbers with Swiss, Italian, and French guides scaled one of the high peaks of Switzerland. Later, mountaineering grew as a sport after the spectacular first ascent of the Matterhorn (4,478 m) on July 14, 1865, by a group led by an English artist, Edward Whimper. In the mid-19th century, the Swiss developed an organization of guides whose leadership helped make mountaineering a well-known sport as they led the way to peak after peak throughout Central Europe.

 In the 1950s a series of successful ascents of mountains in the Himalayas happened: the first climb by the French group on Annapurna I (8,091 m) in Nepal in June 1950, Nanga Parbat (8,126 m.) in Pakistan by the Germans and Austrians in 1953, Kanchenjunga (8,586 m.) in Nepal by the British group in May 1955, and Lhotse I (8,516 m.)by the Swiss in 1956. In addition, K2 in the Karakorum Range of Pakistan, at 8,611 m is the world’s second-highest mountain. The mountain was first climbed by two Italian seasoned mountaineers in July 1954. On May 29, 1953, a New Zealander, Edmund (later Sir Edmund) Hillary, and the Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay stood on the top of the world’s highest peak Mount Everest (8,840 m).

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